By Antony G. Flew

This is a brand new, up to date and revised version of a reference paintings that has proved precious as a device for the coed of philosophy, in addition to a instruction manual for the overall reader. From the classical thinkers via Aquinas, Descartes, Spinoza, Kant, as much as the fashionable age of Russell and Wittgenstein, this complete dictionary spans the personalities, terminology, and vocabulary of 1000's of philosophers over hundreds of thousands of years.

This moment variation of an incredible and valuable paintings has been thoroughly revised, and fifteen new significant articles were further. Now, greater than ever ahead of, A Dictionary of Philosophy is an important and well timed paintings for the fashionable scholar of thought.

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288 Be), who took over the headship of the school, the Peripatos or 'Lyceum, on his master's death in 322 Be. Theophrastus elaborated some of Aristotle's teaching, including his metaphysics, and it was not long before the use of Aristotelian logic by other groups like the Stoics and the Sceptics led to a deeper study, and absorption, of Aristotle's doctrines by intellectual circles. The whole process was magnificently crowned in the 1st century Be when Andronicus of Rhodes (ft. 50-40 22 Be) and a number of other scholars crit- ically edited most of the Aristotelian corpus.

Mill, a law of inference that explains one's belief in the existence of material objects. By experience one learns that certain sensations occur together in the perception of any object; one forms a concept of an object in terms of the atheism possible group of sensations associated with its perception. asymmetric. See relation. asymptotic. Denoting a line or series that approaches nearer and nearer to a curve or limit but will never reach that curve or limit within a finite distance. The moves of Achilles and the tortoise in Zeno's paradox are of this kind (see Zeno's paradoxes).

Avenarius, Richard (1843-96). German philosopher. In his major work, Kritik der reinen Erfahrung (Critique of Pure Experience) (1888-1900), he presented a theory of knowledge known as empiriocriticism. This is developed as an extreme form of ·positivism, insisting on the elimination of all metaphysics and admitting as knowledge only that given in pure ·experience. As such, it is extremely close to the philosophical views of Ernst "Mach, as well as to neutral monism (see monism). Avenarius rejected the differentation between the psychological and the physical, or between private sensations and an independently existing external world, in favour of a single system of pure experience, of which the ego and its environment are constituents.

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