By Marc Silverman
This publication sheds new mild at the existence and paintings of Janusz Korczak, the 20 th century humanist ethical educator and path-breaking social-pedagogue who's usually unknown within the English conversing global. within the orphanages he led in Warsaw, Poland Korczak constructed an leading edge array of academic practices that stimulated young ones from damaged households struggling with critical social-interpersonal pathologies to re-form themselves in the course of the 5 to seven years they lived within the orphanage. by way of delivering its readers a scientific presentation of Korczak's worldview, academic philosophy and paintings, and exposing them to a wealthy collection of his writings, this booklet seeks to notify the English conversing trained public approximately an educator who unceasingly strived to make the area a greater position for individuals and to make larger humans for the area.
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Extra resources for A Pedagogy of Humanist Moral Education: The Educational Thought of Janusz Korczak
This too is a ramification of Korczak’s humanism, in which there is no room for selectivity. If one is called upon to assist everyone who cries out for help, how can one deny one’s downtrodden Jewish brothers and sisters? This indeed is the underlying explanation for Korczak’s resolve to stay with the Jewish orphans, no matter what fate awaited them in the Warsaw Ghetto. Thus we arrive at a paradoxical conclusion: Korczak’s humanism, not his Jewish identity, underlies and inspires his identification with his Jewish origins and his solidarity with fellow Jews.
1057/978-1-137-56068-1_2 19 20 M. SILVERMAN his psyche also led him to espouse radical humanism. To put it another way: the road of radical humanism met and chose him as much as he met and chose it. In this chapter, I describe the way in which Korczak became an outstanding humanist of the twentieth century, pointing out specific features of his personality and self-perception, including both the influence Polish culture and society exerted on his humanism, and the influence of Jewish culture on it.
Korczak’s attitude toward the world did not derive from any ideology or basic assumption, but his intellectual position regarding the emancipation of the Jews and modern anti-Semitism reverberates with a liberal, socialist, intellectual outlook. He never lost his belief that a progressive Polish state could be established, one which would grant full equality to all its citizens. Korczak did not accept the Zionist solution to anti-Semitism, namely auto-emancipation and Jewish sovereignty. He believed that education and legislation based on human reason could end anti-Semitism, as is shown both in his conduct and in his writing.