By Peter Atkins
Animal towns builds upon a up to date surge of curiosity approximately animals within the city context. contemplating animals in city settings is now a firmly demonstrated quarter of analysis and this ebook provides a few precious case experiences that illustrate many of the views that could be followed. Having an ’urban historical past’ flavour, the publication follows a fourfold schedule. First, the outlet chapters examine operating and effective animals that lived and died in nineteenth-century towns equivalent to London, Edinburgh and Paris. The argument this is that their presence yields insights into evolving understandings of the class ’urban’ and what made a superb urban. moment, there's a attention of nineteenth-century animal spectacles, which prompted modern interpretations of the city event. 3rd, the topic of contested animal areas within the urban is explored additional in regards to yard chickens in suburban Australia. eventually, there's dialogue of the matter of the general public better half animal and its function in altering attitudes to public area, illustrated with a bankruptcy on dog-walking in Victorian and Edwardian London. Animal towns makes an important contribution to animal experiences and is of curiosity to old geographers, city, cultural, social and monetary historians and historians of coverage and making plans.
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Extra info for Animal Cities: Beastly Urban Histories
Dirt, waste and their synonyms did have a place in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. They were not welcomed, still less celebrated, but they were nevertheless acknowledged and valued in the narrow sense. Almost everything in the city was packed with a use value and a re-use value. 59. 76. Braudel 1984: 479. Thompson 1979. 88 Gaffer Hexam made his living from recovering and selling floating junk but he was only one small cog in a great machine of recycling that squeezed the last drop of worth from redundancy.
Conditions for the issue of a licence included satisfaction of any by-laws on cleanliness, the prevention of cruelty, the removal of manure, and the provision of a proper water supply. Following the 1875 Act, a set of model by-laws was issued two years later by the Local Government Board with a view to encouraging and enabling local action. These by-laws prevented the location of slaughter-houses anywhere within 100 feet of a house. They also added to the Public Health Act’s list of offensive trades the following: blood drier, leather dresser, tanner, fat melter or fat extractor, glue maker, size maker, and gut scraper.
The spatial patterning of these activities followed a particular logic, notably in south London, where the district of Bermondsey has a strong claim to the title ‘animal city’. It was not only home to live productive animals and to slaughter-houses but it also had the largest single concentration in Britain of employment in processing the body parts of cattle and sheep. Its many tan yards and leather factories were internationally renowned for the quantity of their output, and animals were undoubtedly the crux of the local economy for centuries.